git init

Create empty Git repo in specified directory. Run with no arguments to initialize the current directory as a git repository.

git clone

Clone repo located at onto local machine. Original repo can be located on the local filesystem or on a remote machine via HTTP or SSH.

git config user. name

Define author name to be used for all commits in current repo. Devs commonly use --global flag to set config options for current user.

git add

Stage all changes in for the next commit. Replace with a to change a specific file.

git commit -m ""

Commit the staged snapshot, but instead of launching a text editor, use as the commit message.

git status

List which files are staged, unstaged, and untracked.

git log

Display the entire commit history using the default format. For customization see additional options.

git diff

Show unstaged changes between your index and working directory.

git remote add

Create a new connection to a remote repo. After adding a remote, you can use as a shortcut for in other commands.

git fetch

Fetches a specific , from the repo. Leave off to fetch all remote refs.

git pull

Fetch the specified remote's copy of current branch and immediately merge it into the local copy.

git push

Push the branch to , along with necessary commits and objects. Creates named branch in the remote repo if it doesn't exist.

git revert

Create new commit that undoes all of the changes made in , then apply it to the current branch.

git reset

Remove from the staging area, but leave the working directory unchanged. This unstages a file without overwriting any changes.

git clean -n

Shows which files would be removed from working directory. Use the -f flag in place of the -n flag to execute the clean.

git diff HEAD

Show difference between working directory and last commit.

git diff --cached

Show difference between staged changes and last commit


git reset

Reset staging area to match most recent commit, but leave the working directory unchanged.

git reset --hard

Reset staging area and working directory to match most recent commit and overwrites all changes in the working directory.

git reset

Move the current branch tip backward to , reset the staging area to match, but leave the working directory alone.

git reset --hard

Same as previous, but resets both the staging area & working directory to match. Deletes uncommitted changes, and all commits after .


git rebase -i

Interactively rebase current branch onto . Launches editor to enter commands for how each commit will be transferred to the new base.


git pull --rebase

Fetch the remote's copy of current branch and rebases it into the local copy. Uses git rebase instead of merge to integrate the branches.


git push --force

Forces the git push even if it results in a non-fast-forward merge. Do not use the --force flag unless you're absolutely sure you know what you're doing.

git push --all

Push all of your local branches to the specified remote.

git push --tags

Tags aren't automatically pushed when you push a branch or use the --all flag. The --tags flag sends all of your local tags to the remote repo.

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